“What Sherman Has Done”

new york herald

September 4, 1864

Collection: The Civil War
Publication: The New York Herald
Date: September 4, 1864
Title: SHERMAN. WHATSHERMANHASDONE
SHERMAN.
WHATSHERMANHASDONE.
Chronological Table of Whathas Been Accomplished by General
Sherman During his Four Months’Campaign.
In the latter part of the month of April General Sherman
sent out a cavalry expedition, under General Kilpatrick, of
for the double purpose of reconnoitering the enemyposition
and to mislead the rebels as to his [ ] of movement. On the
1st of May he began his movements from Chattanooga, and by the
5th his army was concentrated at Ringgold, Ga., for a general
advance. On that date we therefore commence this table.
MAY 7.
General Thomas’wing occupied Tunnell Hill, Ga., the
remainder of the army moving by the flank.
MAY 8.
A portion of General Shermanforces in front of Turkey
[?] Face Ridge threatening the rebel position.
MAY 9.
General McPhersoncommand passed through Snake Creek Gap,
after a sharp fight, Shermanarmy skirmishing.
MAY 10.
General Shermanforces in front of Buzzard Roost.
General McPhersonwing within one mile south of Ressacca.
MAY 11.
Light skirmishing between General Shermanforces [ ]
the rebels in front, while the main army was making flank
movements.
MAY 12.
The greater part of General Shermanarmy moved by the
right flank in the direction of Snake Creek Gap.
MAY 13.
General Shermanarmy deployed in Sugar valley before
Ressacca. General Kilpatrick was wounded while operating
with his cavalry in the advance. Howard threatened Dalton on
the left.
MAY 14.
General Shermanflank movement compelled the evacuation
of Dalton.
Commencement of the battle of Ressacca. Skirmishing
commenced at daylight, and the battle continued the whole day.
Howard joined Sherman on the left. The rebels attempted to
turn the Union left; but by a movement of Hookercorps to
that portion of the line their tact was frustrated.
MAY 15.
Continuation and conclusion of the battle of Ressacca.
General Hooker charged the rebel works on the left about [ ]
P. M., but was not able to hold them. A general advance was
then made along the whole line, and the first lines of
intrenchments were occupied. The rebels evacuated Ressacca
during the night.
MAY 16.
General Shermanforces started in pursuit of Joe
Johnstonretreating rebel troops. Ressacca occupied.
MAY 17.
Railroad and telegraphic communication opened between
Ressacca and Chattanooga. General Thomas’corps left Ressacca
for a further advance, and the remainder of Shermanarmy was
also put in motion.
MAY 18.
General Shermanadvance forces occupied Kingston and
Rome, Ga. With the capture of Rome General Sherman secured
seven fine iron works, a quantity of machinery and a large
supply of stores.
General Howardcorps, of General Shermanarmy, defeated
the rebels at Adairsville, Ga.
General Johnstonrebel forces retreated across the Etowah
river.
General Edward McCookcavalry captured the bridge across
the Etowah river, Ga., and held it against the rebel cavalry.
MAY 19.
General Shermanadvance skirmished with the enemy from a
point two miles beyond Kingston to a point beyond Cassville,
the rebels being on the retreat. The rebels made a sortie
after dark from Cassville, but were handsomely repulsed.
Before daylight Cassville was occupied.
MAY 20 AND 21.
Skirmishing along the advance of General Shermanarmy,
but no serious engagement.
MAY 22.
General Johnston established his rebel lines along the
Allatoona Mountains, Ga., with part of General Sherman
forces in his front. His headquarters were at Marietta,
several miles further south.
General Gustavus W. Smithiron works at Etowah, Ga., were
burned by General Shermanforces. The works had been used
for casting shot, shell and ordnance for the rebel army.
MAY 23.
General Shermanarmy commenced a flank movement to the
right of Allatoona range.
MAY 24.
A cavalry fight took place near Taylorsville, Ga., without
any apparent result.
General Wheelerrebel cavalry made a dash upon and
destroyed part of the trains of a wing of General Sherman
army.
MAY 25.
General Hookerforces engaged the rebels at a bridge over
the Pumpkinvine creek and drove them from it. The remainder
of the army moved into position.
MAY 26.
This day was employed in getting the army into position to
engage the rebels, who were in force on the front.
MAY 27.
The battle of Dallas. The engagement near Dallas,
sometimes called the of Pumpkinvine creek,”or the
of New Hope church,”was fought between the armies of
General Sherman and those under General Johnston. After three
separate attacks the rebel commander ordered his forces back
to their intrenchments, the Union troops holding their ground.
MAY 28, 29 AND 30.
These three days were employed in reorganizing the army,
making flank movements and changing position. The rebels
skirmished with the advance during the whole time.
MAY 31.
The rebels attacked General Shermanforces, and after an
engagement of about two hours’duration were repulsed.
General Shermanleft then reached the railroad near
Marietta.
JUNE 1.
General McPhersonwing of General Shermanarmy advanced
to the front of the rebel position at New Hope church,
Georgia.
General Sturgis’command, consisting of infantry and
cavalry, left Memphis on an expedition against Forrestrebel
forces.
JUNE 2.
Generals Hookerand Schofieldcorps, of General
Shermanarmy, pushed towards Marietta, Ga.
Generals Stoneman and Garrard, with their cavalry, captured
Allatoona pass.
General Rousseau assigned by General Sherman to the command
of the “District of the Tennessee,”embracing nearly all that
State east of that river to Lookout creek, a few miles north
of Chattanooga.
General Steedman placed by General Sherman in command of
the “District of the Etowah,”embracing all the country from
Bridgeport to Allatoona, including Cleveland, Rome and all the
country east as far as controlled by the Union troops.
JUNE 3.
General Shermanforces engaged in another flank movement.
No fighting this day of consequence.
JUNE 4.
The rebels in General Shermanfront, finding the Union
troops likely to flank their position near Ackworth, Ga.,
abandoned it during the night.
JUNE 5.
The rebels in General Shermanfront abandoned their works
and retreated.
General Sturgis’cavalry, after several skirmishes, passed
through Ripley, Miss.
JUNE 6.
General Sherman occupied Ackworth station, Georgia with his
advance within six miles of Marietta.
JUNE 7.
General Sturgis’co-operating cavalry destroyed the
railroad depot at Rienzi, Mississippi.
JUNE 8.
General Sturgis’cavalry joined his infantry column near
Ripley, Mississippi .
The rebel General John H. Morganforces, which had
entered Kentucky with the double intention of a raid and of
drawing off forces intended to recruit General Shermanarmy,
attacked the United States post at Mount Sterling, Kentucky,
and routed the garrison. General Burbridgetroops surprised
him shortly afterwards and captured seven hundred of his
command.
JUNE 9.
The rebels having shifted their line in front of General
Sherman, if was found to be this day extended from Kenesaw
Mountain to Lost Mountain.
General Blaircorps joined General Sherman, and went into
line on the right of General McPhersonarmy, north of
Allatoona creek, Georgia.
General Sturgis’main column passed through Ripley, moving
southwest.
JUNE 10.
The remainder of Morganrebel band closely pursued by
General Burbridge, dashed into Lexington, Ky., committing
depredations, robbing the bank, burning the railroad depot,
cars, &c. He was driven out by General Burbridge, and
retreated to Cynthiana.
General Sturgis’forces defeated at Guntown, Tenn., by
General Forrest, and retreated to Ripley, after destroying the
supply train and ten pieces of artillery. General Sturgis’
forces were to co-operate with the right of General Sherman
main army and prevent Forrest from committing depredations
upon Generals Shermancommunications or in his rear. His
failure in this movement caused his removal.
JUNE 11.
General Shermanheadquarters at Big Shanty, Ga., with his
advance lines within five hundred yards of the enemy, and in
position around Kenesaw Mountain.
General Sturgis’main column was attacked at Ripley, and
after a severe contest became scattered and broken.
The rebel General John H. Morgan attacked the United States
troops at Cynthiana, Ky., with a very superior force, defeated
them and set fire to the town. He then attacked General
Hobsonforces across the river, and after a fight of twenty
minutes took them all prisoners.
JUNE 12.
General Burbridge attacked Morganrebel forces at
Cynthiana, Ky., and defeated them, taking about one hundred
and fifty prisoners, twenty-five of whom were officers,
besides killing and wounding a large number. The remnant of
Morgancommand retreated through Flemingsburg, with General
Burbridgeforces in full pursuit, but six hours behind them.
JUNE 13.
Slight skirmishing along the front of Shermanarmy.
JUNE 14.
General Shermanforces advance on the rebels at Kenesaw.
During the artillery contest arising from the movement, the
rebel Lieutenant General Polk was killed by a cannon ball.
General Sturgis superseded by General A. J. Smith.
JUNE 15.
Skirmishing along the lines of General Sherman’army and
change of front, resulting in the contest known as Pine
Mountain or Golgotha. During the movement eighteen rebel
officers and nearly four hundred enlisted men were captured by
General Harrow.
General Polkremains arrived at Atlanta, Ga., where
funeral services were held.
JUNE 16.
Four rebel officers and sixty enlisted men surrendered to
General McPherson, near Andersonville, Ga.
Skirmishing along General Shermanlines and second day of
the contest at Pine Mountain.
JUNE 17.
Steady advance of the whole of General Shermanline.
Heavy skirmishing.
JUNE 18.
The right of General Shermanarmy forced their way to a
position threatening the enemyleft, while the centre
advanced close to their intrenchments. Heavy skirmishing
during the whole day, and the rebels fell back during the
night.
JUNE 19.
The Fourth and Twentieth corps of General Shermanarmy
engage the rear of the enemyretreating column nearly all
day.
JUNE 20.
General engagement along Shermanline at Kenesaw
Mountain, ending without definite results.
JUNE 21.
General Geary, of General Shermanarmy, made a
demonstration in his front, driving back the rebel lines.
General Hoodrebel corps withdrew form the front of General
McPhersonlines.
JUNE 22.
The battle at Culp Farm, Ga. General Shermanforces
heavily engaged with Johnstonrebel army during the passage
of Nosecreek. The contest began at four oin the
morning. The rebels resolutely advanced, but were driven back
in disorder after a hard fight. An attempt to flank the Union
troops was also repulsed with slaughter.
JUNE 23 AND 24.
Steady advance of General Shermanlines, amid heavy
skirmishing. The rebels assaulted the left of Schofield and
right of Hooker, but were severely repulsed.
JUNE 25.
Steady advance of General Shermanlines, amid heavy
skirmishing. The rebels assaulted the left of Schofield and
right of Hooker, but were severely repulsed.
JUNE 25.
McPhersonwing of General Shermanarmy engaged with the
rebels near Big Shanty, Ga.
JUNE 26.
Sharp skirmishing along the front of General Sherman
army. The columns on the right and left moving by the flank.
JUNE 27.
A general assault was made upon the front of the rebel
position at Kenesaw by General Shermanarmy, but was
repulsed with great slaughter. General C. G. Harker was
mortally wounded, and died the next day.
JUNE 28 AND 29.
Movement of General Shermanarmy on the right for the
purpose of flanking the rebel position at Kenesaw Mountain.
JUNE 30.
The rebels began to evacuate their position at Kenesaw
Mountain, and to fall back upon other lines and on the
Chattahoochee river, for the purpose of covering Marietta.
JULY 1.
General Shermanarmy quietly changed front during the
night.
JULY 2.
General Shermancavalry struck the Chattahoochee, and was
followed by General McPhersonwing of Shermanarmy.
General Howardcolumn moved close up to the works at
Kenesaw Mountain, and found they were evacuated.
JULY 3.
General Shermanarmy occupied Kenesaw, Ga., at daylight,
and Marietta at half-past eight oA. M.. General Thomas’
wing moved down the main road to the Chattahoochee, marching
towards the mouth of the Nickajack creek and the Sandtown
road.
During the past three days General Sherman captured over
two thousand prisoners.
JULY 4.
General Shermanline this day extended from the mouth of
the Nickajack creek across the railroad and to Rottenwood
creek, Chattahoochee river. The rebels held positions between
the Union army and the river.
JULY 5 AND 6.
The rebels began their retreat across the Chattahoochee
river, and took up a position on the opposite side to prevent
Sherman crossing the stream.
JULY 7.
Sherman opened upon the enemy on the opposite side of the
river with artillery, for the purpose of covering his
movements on the flank.
JULY 8.
General Shermantroops crossed the Chattahoochee river.
The rebels began their retrograde movement towards Atlanta.
General Rousseau left Nashville for Decatur, Ala., to take
command of a special cavalry force, organized for a raid
through the State to the Atlanta and Montgomery Railroad.
JULY 9.
General Rousseau arrived at Decatur, Ala.
General Shermanarmy engaged in throwing up works in the
front of their advanced lines. The army steadily engaged in
moving by the left flank.
JULY 10.
General Garrardcavalry destroyed the factories at
Rosewall, Ga. The balance of General Shermanmain army
began crossing the Chattahoochee river, and the line was
established southeast of that stream.
General McPherson changed front, and took up a position on
the extreme left of Shermanarmy.
General Rousseau started from Decatur, Ala., on his raid.
JULY 11 AND 12.
General Shermanarmy principally employed in getting into
position, ready for an advance movement. The citizens
reported leaving Atlanta in a panic.
JULY 13.
The rebels attacked and defeated at Tapaluci, Miss., by the
cavalry and negro troops under General A. J. Smith. The
assault upon the intrenchments repulsed during the night.
JULY 14.
General Shermanmain army manoeuvring for position.
JULY 15.
General A. J. Smithforces again attacked by the rebels
under Forrest, who made three distinct charges upon the Union
lines, and was severely repulsed each time. Smithforces
began its return during the night.
JULY 16.
General Rousseauforces reported by the rebels to be at
Talladega, en route for the Montgomery Railroad.
General Bufordrebel cavalry, which had followed General
A. J. Smithtroops, driven back, with severe loss.
JULY 17.
General Shermanwhole army advanced to within five miles
of Atlanta, the left occupying Decatur, Ga.
General Rousseau reported to have cut the railroad at
Notasulga and to have destroyed communication between
Montgomery and Atlanta.
General Joe Johnston relieved of his command of the rebel
army of the Southwest.
JULY 18.
General Shermanline still further extended, so as to
flank Atlanta on the southeast, with a tendency to move
further south.
General J. B. Hood assumes command of the rebel army of the
Southwest.
JULY 20.
The rebel army moved out from Atlanta and attacked the left
wing of Shermanarmy at Decatur. The assault was made with
great vigor and desperation, but met with a bloody repulse.
The rebels lost form six to eight hundred killed and four
thousand wounded and prisoners. Our forces held the field.
General A. J. Smithexpedition arrived at Lagrange, Miss.
JULY 21.
The enemy driven by the Union troops, with small loss, to
the works immediately around Atlanta.
JULY 22.
Part of General Shermanforces occupied the outskirts of
Atlanta. A severe battle took place in the vicinity of
Atlanta, and great loss inflicted upon the enemy. General
James B. McPherson killed by a rebel sharpshooter.
General Rousseaucommand arrived at Marietta, after
having succeeded in his expedition, executing General
Shermanorders to the very letter.
JULY 26.
The Army of the Tennessee began to march for a change of
front from left to right.
JULY 27.
Major General Howard assumed command of the Army of the
Tennessee, rendered vacant by the death of General McPherson.
Two bodies of cavalry, under Generals Stoneman and McCook,
left Shermanmain army on a raid around Atlanta.
JULY 28.
The Army of the Tennessee which had changed front from the
extreme left to the extreme right of Shermanarmy, was
attacked by the enemy while on the march. The battle lasted
until night and resulted in the Union forces holding that
position the rebels retiring within their works at Atlanta.
Palmetto station on the West Point Railroad, twenty-five
miles from Atlanta, destroyed, with supplies, cars, five miles
of track, &c., by the cavalry under General McCook. During
the night he crossed Whitewater creek and pushed on to
Fayetteville.
JULY 29.
Before daylight McCookcavalry entered Fayetteville,
forty miles from Atlanta, and destroyed all the rebel
government property, wagon trains, &c., and coupled the place.
Portions of the track of the Macon road destroyed.
JULY 30.
General Hooker relinquished his command of the Twentieth
corps and was succeeded by General Slocum.
General McCookforce while returning from their raid were
attacked by the rebels at Newman on the West Point Railroad.
A heavy fight occurred and the Union forces were scattered,
but afterward, came into camp in detachments.
General Stonemanforces arrived near Macon, but finding
the rebels had removed the Union prisoners returned after
skirmishing with the enemy.
JULY 31.
General Stonemancommand when between Clinton and
Hillsboro, and about fifteen miles from Macon was attacked by
the rebels in great force, and, after a fight of some hours,
was compelled to surrender.
AUGUST 2.
General Loganforces, of Shermanarmy, erected
batteries for dislodging the rebel sharpshooters on his front.
AUGUST 3.
The rebels, during the morning attacked General Logan
works in force and drove him therefrom; in the evening he not
only retook the works but captured all the rebels who occupied
them. He also advanced his lines three hundred yards.
AUGUST 4.
Heavy demonstration made by the Fourteenth corps upon the
works of Atlanta.
AUGUST 5.
General Palmer relieved of the command of the Fourteenth
corps at his own request, and General J. C. Davis appointed in
his place.
AUGUST 6.
Serious assault made upon the works at Atlanta by General
Schofieldcommand. Further advance made to the right.
AUGUST 7.
The right of Shermanarmy within three miles of East
Point, near Utoy creek, and gradually extending on that
direction. Skirmishing.
AUGUST 8.
The south side of Utoy creek occupied by the Union forces.
Skirmishing along the line of the Fourteenth corps.
AUGUST 9.
Atlanta shelled on all parts of the line.
AUGUST 10.
Terrific bombardment of Atlanta during the night.
Wheelerrebel cavalry started from East Point on a raid
within the Union lines.
AUGUST 13.
The rebel works at Atlanta again assaulted.
AUGUST 14.
Wheelerrebel cavalry arrived before Dalton, and demanded
its surrender, which was refused by Colonel Laibold, commander
of post. Several assaults made by Wheeler, but all repulsed,
and the post held.
AUGUST 15.
General Steedmanforces arrived at Dalton to relieve the
beleaguered garrison. The rebels attacked and driven from the
position.
AUGUST 18.
General Kilpatrickcommand rendezvousing at Sandtown for
a special raid.
AUGUST 19.
General Kilpatrick, at the head of about five thousand
mounted men, started from Sandtown on his raid around the
enemyposition at Atlanta; arrived at Fairburn, on the West
Point railroad, where he met the enemy and drove them from the
ground crossed Flint river; pushed on to Jonesboro and
destroyed the place, and rested for the night near Lovejoy.
The Macon Railroad torn up for three miles, and a train of
loaded cars destroyed during the day.
General Dodge, while locating advanced works, was seriously
wounded by a bullet from a rebel sharpshooter.
AUGUST 20.
Kilpatrickcommand attacked in force before daybreak by
the rebels at Lovejoy, and surrounded. The second division,
under Colonel Minty, cut its way through the enemy and the
Union troops pushed on. Loss about 300.
Wheelerrebel cavalry operating along the East Tennessee
Railroad and StewartLanding, where he captured and murdered
part of the garrison.
AUGUST 21.
Kilpatrickcommand crossed Cotton river at one A. M., and
South river at six A. M., reaching Lithonia, on the Georgia
Railroad, east of Atlanta, in the evening. The troops then
went into camp after their fatiguing raid.
Forrestrebel command dashed into Memphis; but after two
hours’occupation, were driven out by the garrison.
AUGUST 22.
General Kilpatrickcommand arrived at the main army
encampment, after passing completely around Atlanta.
Wheelerrebel cavalry, after cutting the East Tennessee
Railroad, approached Knoxville.
AUGUST 26.
Shermanmain army, with the exception of the Twentieth
corps, moved by the right flank to the rear of the rebel
defences of Atlanta.
AUGUST 29.
Wheelercavalry reported advancing upon Nashville via
McMinville and Murfreesboro.
SEPTEMBER 2.
Atlanta occupied by General SlocumTwentieth corps.
Hoodarmy met on the open field, near East Point, by
Sherman, and the battle still going on at last advices.
Wheelerrebel cavalry troops being driven from the State
of Tennessee by Rosseauforces, but still injuring the
railroad and wires during their retreat.

 

From Accessible Archives Newspaper Database
For more information:
http://www.accessible.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/accessible/docButton?AAWhat=gotoJSP&AAWhere=34&AABeanName=toc1&AANextPage=/printerFriendlyDoc.jsp&AACheck=5.66.34.0.27