August 30, 1864

William King Diary Entry

Cobb County, Georgia


30 Aug’t. 1864.

I wrote to Mrs. Jerrie Clements yesterday. Having seen a copy of the U.S. Oath of Alleg’e this morning I give a copy viz–”I . . . of Co. of. . . State of. . . do solemnly swear in the presence of Al: God, that I will hereafter faithfully support, protect & defend the Cons’n of the U.S. & the Union of States thereunder, & that I will in like manner abide by & faithfully support all acts of Congress passed during the existing rebellion with reference to Slaves, so long & so far as not yet repealed, modified or held void by Congress or by decision of the Sup. Court, & that I will in like manner abide by & faithfully support all proclamations of the Pres’t made during the existing Rebellion having reference to[torn] so far as not modified or declared void by decision of the Sup. Court [torn] me God” with a description of the person signing, age omitted. [torn] Hutchins a visit this morning, found him better, the poor large family at [torn] removed to town as paupers to support. Some Wagons with [torn] station trading, some have come 15 or 20 miles with their little supplies to exchange for something to eat, they get very little in return. One old Woman told me that the Yankees had taken all the Horses & Mules in the neighborhood, they afterwards picked up some old, rejected Horses, after getting them in a condition to work, the Rebels came & took them; leaving in the neighborhood only 1 steer (which she had in the Wagon) to go to Mill & do all the work for the neighbors–the old lady was quite out of temper & out of humor with every body; she must have felt more embittered after she finished her trading this morning, as I noticed the soldiers had determined to steal all they could from her & pay but little for the balance. I saw a soldier this morning who said that Gen’l McCook had had a hard time on his recent raid, that he lost heavily & had determ to surrender, but was overruled when Brandon said he could not surrender himself, and they then determined to cut their way out. I hear that Mr. Winters has returned to Marietta from within our Lines, he left here the last day. I suppose he thought it better to be here than to meet the Conscript officer in Dixie. Mr. Shepard made me a short visit yesterday; he is getting more & more anxious about his cotton, our Scouts are getting too thick about. I heard this morning that Greenlee Butler was dead, died on Sunday. The Hospital 2 Wagons come regularly to our Spring, with Barrels for Water, but they seem to come with fear & trembling, some days they are so anxious, they come but a few times, from the apprehension that the Scouts may come upon them at the Spring, their 8 Mules would be quite a temptation. I made Mrs. McC. a short visit this afternoon. It is reported that Wheeler is near the town on the N.E. with 2 Brig’s Cavalry & an Infantry force, & that 8 or 10 Reg’ts of Federal Inf’y force had just arrived at Marietta, and a fight anticipated. My guard absent tonight, he seldom spends the Night with me, feeling so uneasy about being captured.


From Documenting the American South- UNC Chapel Hill